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اختبار الفصل الأول في التربية المدنية لقسم: السنــــة الثـــالثـــة ابتدائــــي
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منتديات جواهر ستار التعليمية :: تعارف ودردشة :: منتدى الرياضة العربية و العالمية

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عدد المساهمات : 17969
تاريخ التسجيل : 16/06/2009
http://www.berberjawahir.com/
مُساهمةموضوع: Juventus


Juventus


Juventus

Juventus

The Old Lady climbs to the top of the world

Club: Juventus FC
City: Turin
Founded: 1 November 1897
A brief history...
In the history of football, Juventus is a club without compare. Known affectionately as "La Vecchia Signora" (The Old Lady), "Juve" were founded on 1 November 1897. But as her name suggests ("Juventus" means "youth" in Latin), this particular centenarian has lost none of her faculties with age. The club's statutes were written on a bench at the corner of the Corso Re-Umberto and the Corso Vittorio Emmanuele in Turin, the daily meeting place of fifteen or so students from the Ginnasio Massimo d'Azeglio high school and two 20-year-old bicycle repairmen, Eugenio and Enrico Canfari.
Juventus Football Club, whose original strip was pink, did not contest its first official match until three years later, a game they lost (1-0) to FC Torinese. Three more years then elapsed before Juventus adopted their new colours, when they acquired a set of black-and-white vertical striped shirts from John Savage, an Englishman living in Turin who had passed on the order to friends back in Nottingham.
Juve won their first title in 1905, but it was in 1923 that the club really hit the big time when it was taken over by the Agnelli family, owners of the powerful Fiat motor group. Lured by of the guarantee of regular wages and the perk of a gleaming new car provided by the Italian firm, several big name players soon headed for the Piedmont club, which proceeded to clinch five consecutive titles between 1931 and 35. Juve went on to cement their place among the giants of Italian football courtesy of the arrival of world-class talents such as Giampiero Boniperti, the Welshman John Charles and the Argentinian Omar Sivori.
The arrival of coach Giovanni Trapattoni in 1977 enabled Juve to scale even greater heights (six titles in his 10 years at the club), so much so that the Squadra Azzurra team at the 1978 FIFA World Cup Argentina ™ was to all intents and purposes the Juventus side. And, in 1982, there were no fewer than seven representatives of "the Old Lady" in the side crowned world champions in Spain.
The acquisition of the Frenchman Michel Platini, who topped the calcio goalscoring charts three times, enabled Juve to remain at the very top, despite the terrible tragedy at Brussels' Heysel stadium on 29 May 1985, when several dozen Italian fans were crushed to death (39 dead, 450 wounded). Since then, Juve have embraced the healing process with dignity, while continuing to collect silverware with monotonous regularity.

The Old Lady - La Vecchia Signora - of Italian football were founded in 1897 and originally wore pink shirts. The club became the Bianconeri after adopting Notts County’s black and white colours in 1903, winning their first championship two years later. The Turin club notched up five consecutive titles between 1930-35 and dominated Italian World Cup squads in 1934, ’38, ’78 and ’82.
Before the Calciopoli scandal struck in the summer of 2006, Juventus had never been relegated from Serie A and were the most successful side in Italy with 29 championships, nine Italian Cups, two European Cups, three UEFA Cups, two Intercontinental Cups, two European Super Cups, four Italian Super Cups and a Cup-Winners Cup. Two of those Serie A titles were stripped and humiliating demotion ordered.
With the so-called Triade of directors dismissed, a new board was appointed. And despite a mass exodus of star players, Juventus won the Serie B title at the first attempt and finished third in Serie A on their return to the top flight. They won their first post-scandal Scudetto in 2012.
The strength of an idea
It all began with a bench on Corso Re Umberto, one of the most famous streets in city centre Turin.
A group of friends congregated on this bench. They all possessed a shared passion for football, a special game that had recently been ‘imported’ from England. They had an intriguing idea, to create a sports club. The boys attended the ‘Massimo D’Azeglio’ high school which specialised in classical studies. They were well educated but the eldest was just 17 years of age. This paved the way for the club’s name. In Latin, the name ‘Juventus’ means youth. They weren’t aware of it yet, but on 1 November 1897, they had given birth to a legend.
And so Italy’s greatest football team was born, almost by chance. The club’s first President was Enrico Canfari, the first ground was Piazza d’Armi (Parade Ground) and the side started out wearing pink. Sporting that same jersey, the club made its debut in the national championship in 1900. Three years later, the Bianconeri colours, which had come from Nottingham, were in use. Five years later, the first Italian title arrived when Juve successfully beat off stiff competition from Genoa and Milanese. President Alfredo Dick from Switzerland, left the club shortly afterwards following various complaints and rifts in the dressing room. He then went on to found Torino FC, bringing the best foreign players from Juventus with him. Juventus then endured some difficult years as they failed to keep pace with the new footballing superpowers of the time, Pro Vercelli and Casale.
The Bianconeri made a triumphant return following the First World War: goalkeeper Giacone and defenders Novo and Bruna were the first Juventus players to wear the National Team’s jersey. The President was poet and scholar Corradino Corradini, who also wrote the club anthem which was used until the 1960s. 1923 was a special year as one of the greatest goalkeepers of all time, Giampiero Combi, made his first team debut. He would go on to contribute heavily to a change in the club’s standing. On 24 July, a shareholders’ meeting saw Mr Edoardo Agnelli, son of the founder of FIAT, elected as the new president. The club also now had its very own playing surface in Corso Marsiglia. The terraces were just bricks but the number of supporters increased day by day. Juventus had all the foundations to rise through the ranks of Italian football and to strengthen a side already boasting the likes of Combi, Rosetta, Munerati, Bigatto and Grabbi. Then came the the first official manager, Hungarian Jeno Karoly, and the first foreign world-beater, Hungarian left-winger Hirzer.
In 1925/26 Juventus won their second Scudetto title following a gripping regional final against Bologna and then a resounding 12-1 aggregate win in the national final against Alba Roma. But this was just the beginning. From 1930 to 1935, Juve were streets ahead of the rest as five consecutive Scudetto trophies made their way to Turin. The main ingredients of the ‘Golden five-year period were the manager Carlo Carcano and champions such as Orsi, Caligaris, Monti, Cesarini, Varglien I and II, Bertolini, Ferrari and Borel II. Juve also made a significant contribution to the national side, who won the World Cup in Rome in 1934. The 1930s saw the Bianconeri have their first experience in a continental competition when they took part in the European Cup, currently known as the Champions League. Although luck was not on Juve’s side, they did manage to make four semi-final appearances.
Juventus resumed their success after the Second World War. Following the tragic death of Edoardo Agnelli in a plane crash in 1935, his son, Giovanni, took on the role of president in 1947. The club’s most revered champions at the time were Carlo Parola, Danish duo John Hansen and Praest and, most notable of all, Giampiero Boniperti. Cheered on by thousands of fans, they recorded Scudetto triumphs in 1950 and 1952.
In 1953, Giovanni Agnelli stepped down from the presidency and it was then passed onto his brother Umberto two years later. Juve were on the brink of another triumphant cycle. The arrivals of Omar Sivori and John Charles helped the Bianconeri to the Scudetto title in 1958 which allowed them to wear a star on their shirts to mark ten national championship victories. The club recorded three further successes during the 1960s, with the last coming in 1967 under the presidency of Vittore Catella. However, the start of the new decade yielded even greater additions to the Juventus history books. Giampiero Boniperti may have hung up his boots, but he continued to lead the team by taking on the role of President on 13 July 1971. After this, there was no stopping the Bianconeri.




الموضوعالأصلي : Juventus // المصدر : منتديات بربار التعليمية //الكاتب: berber


توقيع : berber








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