& Working with words. [size=32] [/size] [size=32] [/size](page:65)
t The task: Look up the words entries in a dictionary: Conserve, sewage, deplete. Then recapitulate the various steps you have gone through to find meanings of the words.
- Later Read the dictionary entries on page 65 and put the keys in the right boxes
L Note: The use of An English-English dictionary is very necessary and strongly recommended in this rubric.
v Aims of the whole task.
1) To make students aware of the fact that dictionaries should be used only when necessary.
2) To make students learn how to look up a word in a dictionary.
3) To learn how to use an English-English dictionary, or a dictionary with English entries.
4) To enable students obtain a sufficient knowledge of an English-dictionary abbreviations.
þ Answers to the task:
I) Part one: Finding the words' meaning.
· Conserve – a verb means
· Deplete – a verb that means
· Sewage -
II) Part two:
The strategies for checking difficult vocabulary are as follows:
First, learners sort to a dictionary only once they can’t guess the meaning of the difficult words from context. For this, they need to identify the category of the words, see whether there are any synonyms, antonyms, or paraphrases of these difficult words.
Secondly, they are sure that they can't do otherwise than checking a dictionary for understanding the meaning of the difficult words that they have singed out from the text; they will open the dictionary at the page where the word is listed. In doing so, they will pay attention to the alphabetical order.
III) Part three:
Most English-English dictionaries like Oxford learners' dictionaries use slots of abbreviations directly after the words' transcription. Each abbreviation has a specific meaning to help the user distinguish the part of speech and correct use of the looked up. Here is a list of the keys for some of these abbreviations:
|~ land||compound/complex word|
|(fig) life,||figurative language|
|go/run to ~||colloquial English |
|[US], ~||American English|
|~ - fully/adv||adverb|