4 Discovering language. (Page: 61).
- Look at the map page 60 and answer the questions.
Pupils answer each question depending on their geographical culture and their imagination.
þ Answers to pre-reading task :
a) The map represents South America (also called Latin America).
b) The area in green stands for “the Amazon Forest”.
c) The Amazon is located between Brazil, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia.
d) The climate around the imaginary line, drawn by pupils, has the characteristics of the equator; rainy, often hot and humid.
1) Motivating the oral and free expression of pupils in a precise context.
2) Acquiring new thoughts as a result of the teacher feedback.
ª As you read.
Activity One: Read the text and check your answers to the previous questions.
1) Confirming pupils’ answers to the questions.
Activity two: Read the text page 60 again and answer the following questions.
1) Looking for specific and accurate details in the text.
2) Providing pupils with the correct strategy to answer (yes/no and WH) questions.
Pupils may give various answers depending on their understanding of the text. Pupils’ answers may also include some errors.
þ Suggested answers to activity one :
a) There is more than a decade (10 years) of global fossil fuel emissions of carbon dioxide stored in the trees of the Amazon Forest.
b) The Amazon basin ecosystem has been protected from threats because of its isolation (being very far).
c) The preservation of the Amazon Forest is one of the world’s greatest conservation challenges because it is not isolated at present; we can get there easily and quickly as new roads leading to it are built.
ª Post reading.
Look at the computer screen-shaped “grammar desk” activity page 61.
Activity One: Read sentences (a, b, c and d) and answer the questions below.
1) To identify the passive sentence and the passive form.
2) To know how and for which purpose the passive sentence is formed and used.
3) To recognize the linguistic and syntaxes’ difference between the passive and the active sentences.
4) To learn that the form could be applied to diverse forms and tenses.
þ Answers to activity one.
01) Answering the questions:
a) Timber companies fell the trees in sentence (a).
b) The Brazilian government built new road in sentence (b).
i) These sentences are in the passive.
ii) Because the form of the sentence, object +verb (to be/ pp) +agent.
02) The transformation:
a) Timber companies fell 18000 Km2 of forest trees.
b) The Brazilian government built new roads during 1960s and 1970s.
03) The original sentences (in the book) focus on the action itself whereas the new (written) sentences focus on the doer of the action.
Object + verb [(to be) +pp] + agent Subject + verb + object.
04) The writer gives importance to the action more than the subject; this is different from the newly written sentences which focus on the subject not the action.
05) Matching the sentences with their corresponding tenses:
Sentence (1) c) the present simple passive. Sentence (2) d) the past simple passive. Sentence (3) a) the future simple passive. Sentence (4) b) the present perfect passive.
06) No, it is not always necessary to use ‘by’ in the passive sentences. Because we are supposed to be more interested in the object, not the subject.
☻ Note for students:
For further information about today’s lesson, see pages 199-200 in the quick grammar clinic.